Depending on the type of soil, the climate, and the particular needs of the plants, the best fertilizer for flowering plants in India will vary.
In general, healthy growth and flowering can be encouraged by balanced fertilizers that include equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK).
Compost and cow manure are the best two organic fertilizers for flowering plants that slowly release nutrients and enhance soil health, which can also be beneficial.
It’s crucial to prevent over-fertilizing because this can hurt the plants. Using the soil test results, you may choose the right fertilizer by identifying the deficient nutrients.
The right choice of fertilizer is always in your hands; there are many fertilizer types, but you must choose the best food for your flowering plants. Following the guide in this blog, you can easily figure out which fertilizer is best suited for your flowering plants.
The best fertilizer for flowering plants in India:
|S.no||Fertilizer for Flowering Plants in India|
|1.||Cow dung manure|
|5.||Vegetable & Animal waste|
|6.||Fish emulsion, seaweed|
|7.||Banana peel fertiliser|
|10.||Bone meal, Compost tea|
Complete fertilizer includes three essential nutrients, N, P, and K, which are very important for flowering plants.
Nitrogen(N)-Helps in leaf growth; if nitrogen is deficient, leaves turn yellow.
Phosphorus (or) Phosphate(p)– This nutrient is essential for flower blooming.
Potassium (or) Potash(k)– This nutrient helps the plant in healthy root formation.
Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are three significant nutrients available for plants from the soil.
A healthy growing plant requires 16 nutrients, including macro and micronutrients.
Micronutrient: As the name indicates, it will be significantly less in the soil, so these nutrients should be provided through fertilizer. Iron, boron, copper, zinc, molybdenum, and chlorine are micronutrients.
Supplementary nutrients: These nutrients will be moderate level in the soil. Supplemental nutrients are calcium, magnesium, and sulfur.
Benefits of complete fertilizer:
Healthy development can be encouraged using a balanced NPK fertilizer. Strong stems, leaves, and roots will produce more robust and healthful flowers.
Phosphorus is particularly crucial for stimulating flowering; hence many complete fertilizers are prepared with a higher concentration of this nutrient to promote blooming.
Maintaining soil health:
Applying complete fertilizer regularly can help preserve soil fertility and enhance the soil’s general condition.
Correcting nutrient deficiencies:
A complete fertilizer can assist in redressing an imbalance if a soil test reveals a lack of one or more crucial nutrients.
Supporting continuous growth:
Flowering plants can drain the soil of vital nutrients as they go through their growth cycle. Regular use of complete fertilizer might aid in maintaining growth and flowering.
Organic fertilizers will not give immediate results as chemical fertilizers but give slow and steady yields without affecting soil health.
Less in cost when compared to chemical fertilizers, the soil’s humus content is increased, and overall soil health will improve to a greater level.
Organic fertilizer includes cow dung manure, bio-compost, dry leaves, vermicompost, vegetable, and animal waste.
1. Cow dung manure preparation:
1. Cow dung collected should be allowed to cool down in a big container.
2. After that, pour the water over the cow dung until it gets submerged.
3. Cover the mixture and leave it for 48 hours.
4. After 48 hours, transfer the water to another container, which can be used as liquid fertilizer.
5. Allow the cow dung to dry, and mix it with a hand or stick after drying.
6. Now crush the cow dung into a fine powder; after it is powdered, add an equal quantity of garden soil.
7. Mix the soil and cow dung until it gets mixed well.
8. Add some water and mix all ingredients well.
9. Cover the mixture and allow it to decompose again for 30 days. Once in 3 days, check the mixture.
10. After the mixture gets decomposed, grind it into fine powder.
11. Now, it is ready for use in flowering plants.
2. Bio compost preparation:
Bio compost requires zero cost and is easy to prepare at home itself.
Daily Kitchen wastes should be collected and stored in a big container.
Wastes include vegetable peels, rotten vegetables, egg shells, and coffee or tea powder in a drum or big container.
We can also include shredded dry leaves in the container and vegetable wastes.
Arrange some microbes to break down the waste. Microbes will quickly come if we add cow dung or buttermilk to add microbial colonies.
Churn the wastes once in 3 days; otherwise, fungus formation occurs.
To provide oxygen, we can make perforated holes in the container.
Layer the wastes; the first layer can be kitchen waste, the second layer with garden soil, and the third layer can be dry leaves and cow dung to improve oxygen circulation inside the bin.
After 45-50 days, we can find the bio compost ready for flowering plants.
A suitable site for vermicompost preparation is a dark and cool place. High temperature directly affects the feeding and breeding of earthworms.
1. Take a wide container drilled with holes to drain excess water.
2. Place stones inside the container to prevent earthworms should not go outside via holes.
3. Add pre-composed organic waste inside the container.
4. Spray water to keep the organic matter moist.
5. Now leave the earthworms inside the bin or container.
6. wait until the earthworms bury themselves inside the organic matter.
7. cover the container with paddy straw or wet gunny bag.
8. slight mixing is often needed once in 2-3 days.
9. vermicompost will be ready in 3-6 months.
10 . Do not add water before harvest. Collect the vermicompost from the top layer.
4. Banana peel powder:
1. After eating the banana, most of us waste the peel by putting it in a dustbin.
2. Instead, the sun dries the banana peel for 2-3 days until it becomes dry.
3. After drying, crush it with a blender into fine powder.
4. Before planting, add this banana peel powder into the soil and hole where you will plant.
5. Best and easy-to-prepare fertilizer for flowering plants.
The eggshell is rich in calcium and potassium, excellent for rose plants.
After use, the egg shells can be crushed.
We can add these eggshells along with vermicompost or other compost and supply them as fertilizers for plants.
6. Coffee grounds:
Before adding coffee grounds to the soil, we should add compost to the earth to improve drainage, water retention, and aeration.
First, we should check the soil PH before adding coffee grounds. Fresh coffee grounds are acidic. Used coffee grounds are neutral.
According to the PH of the soil, coffee grounds can be added to the earth.
Coffee grounds can be mixed with organic soil and used for flowering plants.
7. Tea compost:
Prepare tea compost by mixing five parts water with 1 part compost, then filter the tea and store it for ten days.
Once the liquid looks like tea, it is mixed with water and sprayed for flowering plants.
It is rich in all types of macro and micronutrients.
8. Bone meal:
Use bone meal for plants to improve the soil microbes throughout the season. Bone meal, rich in calcium and phosphorus, helps in root formation.
Fertilise flowers such as roses, tulips, dahlias, and lilies with bone meal.
Bonemeal can be applied once or twice around the plant and mixed with soil to strengthen the plant.
We should do soil testing before applying any fertilizer to the plant.
Plants need phosphorus for the photosynthesis process.
9. Fish emulsion fertilizer:
Collect fish waste from your home fish pond and make fish emulsions from dead fish parts.
Use fish parts and guts to make a fish emulsion.
Take two parts of water and one part of fish waste and allow it to ferment for several weeks.
Now we can dilute the fish emulsion with water and spray it for flowering plants.
Seaweed provides valuable nutrients for plant growth.
It has the broadest benefit, not only plant nutrients.
It also heathens the soil with good microbes. It increases the iron content in the soil.
Use seaweed for flowering plants before conventional fertilizers to give them a boost.
Vegetable and Fruits peel fertilizer:
The peels of vegetables and fruits are also rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron, all primary and micronutrients.
When this vegetable and fruits peel-dried powder compost is used as fertilizer, it increases the flowering in plants.
Dilute the powder with water and spray for plants to absorb nutrients efficiently.
Ready to use organic fertilizer, which we can purchase online:
1. Potting soil:
Potting soil is hundred percent organic and enriched with micro and macronutrients.
As it contains microbes, it enhances soil properties.
Soil is completely organic and doesn’t have any chemicals in it.
It is free from unwanted microbes, and disease free helps the plant to grow healthy.
2. Flower booster:
Flower booster contains multi-micronutrients.
Mix a small pinch of the booster with water and spray it on plants.
It increases flower production and keeps the plant healthy.
When we don’t have time to prepare vermicompost, we can purchase this online to feed our plants good nutrition.
Enrich vermicompost with phosphate, cellulose, and microorganisms.
Improves the immune system of plants.
Easy to apply and store.
4. Seaweed extract:
Seaweed has more essential minerals, vitamins, and enzymes.
When plants start budding, we can use liquid seaweed solution; it promotes additional budding.
It extends the life of cut flowers if sprayed two days before cutting.
Use seaweed extract as a rooting solution.
5. Banana peel powder:
It provides potassium to the plant.
Improves growth and development of flowering.
Strengthens the plant by improving the root system.